The Colonial Past of the European Union

"…In the beginning there was only one yellow star in the blue vault…"


Flag of the Flag of International African Association as well as the Congo Free State (1877–1908) and the Belgian Congo (1908–1960).


This research begins with the colonial relationship between Belgium and the Democratic Republic of Congo which will mark the transition from the old colonial model to a new type of colonialism. My hypothesis is that this colonial relationship is going to open a foundational space for a new world order through the discovery and exploitation of strategic resources such as uranium, vital for the power weapons in World War II, as well as other resources that are basic for the development of late capitalism. I contend further that Brussels as the headquarters of the European Union is the crystallization of a network of processes of negotiation, such as the Berlin Conference, which functioned as sketches of the European Union and the type of mechanisms of biopolitical regimes on which it will establish itself. Thus the current criminalizing discourse on migration is a colonial legacy that operates from the same geographical spaces.


— I posit that the EU directive on the control of its borders:

- It is based on the idea of ​​a necropolitical administration of bodies that can be pushed into the sub ontological status with massive operatives articulated on land, sea and air.
- Produces clear economic beneficiaries via billionaires management contracts that are awarded to security companies that are alternatively heads of organs and committees of European security.
- Benefits specific economic actors, and this is possible thanks to the social consensus it has created.
- This social consensus is possible to prevailing racist and colonialist structure and activates or is activated more strongly in times of crisis.
- Pushes the working classes that do not benefit from these measures to actively and passively support these persecutions.
- It conceals the relationship between the migrant 'class' and the working class.
- There is potential for social transformation and questioning the model that can result from an alliance between migrants and the working class.
- The construction of fear and rejection is vital for the migration and deportation industry to continue to operate.
- Mass media plays an important role in preventing to form a 'class' solidarity by building a narrative  of fear: fear of losing social benefits in times of crisis and austerity measures.
- The loss of consensus towards the current neoliberal economic model also occurs in neo-fascist projects that target the impoverished working class on the basis of renegating any link with migrants.
- Solidarity fractures even more
- The links between fascism and colonialism is a blind spot that affects the left.


Having articulated the links in between I expect to focus in some points more specifically.

Part I: Parallell of structures: international agreements for the distribution of Africa and the setting of the European Union.
Part II: How to disassemble the existing consensus in European society on the criminalizing discourse about migration.
Part III: Symbolic Associations: Flags and imagery








Part III: Symbolic Associations: Flags and imagery

The European Union flag was designed by Arsène Heitz and Paul M. G. Lévy in 1955 for the Council of Europe. In 1985 the EU, which was then the European Economic Community (EEC), adopted it as its own flag (having had no flag of its own before) at the initiative of the European Parliament. The flag is not mentioned in the EU's treaties, its incorporation being dropped along with the European Constitution, but it is formally adopted in law. It is more associated with the EU due to the EU heavy usage of the emblem. 


The EU flag was adopted on 8 December 1955, coinciding with the Catholic Feast of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, a feast decreed in 1854 by Pope Pius IX. (L’origin chretienn du Drapeau Europeene http://atheisme.org/drapeau.html Accessed 4.01.2014) The flag's circle of stars resembles the twelve-star halo of the Virgin Mary seen in Roman Catholic art and the flag's designer, Arsène Heitz, has acknowledged that he was inspired by that symbolism.

Paul Lévy originally backed the flag of the Pan-European Movement. However, the cross element in its design was rejected by the Socialists and Turks as too Christian. Lévy later visited Léon Marchal, the then Secretary General of the Council of Europe, and suggested that he should propose twelve golden stars on a blue ground as the motif for the flag of Europe. Lévy, however has stated that he was only informed of the connection to the Book of Revelation after it was chosen.

In this film, the Belgian Paul MG Levy, former director of the Information and Press of the Council of Europe, traces the origins and symbolism of the flag blue with a crown of twelve golden stars such that 'adopted as the emblem, December 8, 1955, by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe and in June 1985 by the Ten of the European Community at the European Council in Milan.

Sources:
http://www.cvce.eu/obj/temoignage_de_paul_m_g_levy_sur_la_creation_du_drapeau_europeen-fr-6d23210b-865d-4f02-b2ca-2c30b9ed0588.html
http://www.cvce.eu/content/publication/2006/5/12/df9f9dde-98a3-461b-a8a8-8f9c13012343/publishable_en.pdf